Category Archives for "Quadcopters"
In the interest of promoting UAV safety and the legal and responsible flying of unmanned multirotor aircraft the CAA have issued CAP (Civil Aviation Publication) 1202 – “You Have Control”. If you’re new to the world of quadcopters, hexacopters, octocopters, helicopters, and fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicles then this guide should serve as a useful reminder of the very basics in terms of operational limits.
You can download a copy direct from the CAA’s website here. The leaflet has been reproduced in its entirety below.
For a more thorough understanding of the CAA rules and regulations regarding the operation of unmanned aircraft in the UK’s airspace you will also need to study sections 166 and 167 of CAP 393 (Air Navigation: The Order and the Regulations), and CAP 722, both of which can be retrieved from the CAA’s website. It’s recommended that you check the site for the latest copy on a frequent basis and register for the free subscription service which will inform you of any changes to the regulations for unmanned aviation, UAS, and drones generally.
These are just a few of the many and growing advantages of the hobby and commercial use of drones. If you can think of any others, let me know by posting a comment below or in on of this site’s social media accounts (the links are in the footer).
A question often posted in user groups and forums by those who are considering their first Phantom is, “Is there any DJI Phantom Flight Training?” or similar. The answer is, “Yes, there is“, and there are several ways to go about earning your wings, maintaining your skills, and becoming professionally qualified.
If you’ve had any previous experience with radio controlled aircraft of any type then you might tempted to skip the preliminaries and dive straight in to more advanced maneuvers, but is this wise? A Phantom quadcopter is more complex than conventional RC aircraft and although it’s easier to fly in many ways it has a lot of features that are common to multirotor UAV and less common or non-existent in radio controlled aircraft, so perhaps it would be better to approach it as if it’s something completely new.
If you have had no previous model aeroplane flying of any kind then you can still buy yourself a Phantom and learn step by step how to master the skills required for successful and enjoyable flights. On the other hand, some people prefer to start with something a little smaller just to get a feel for applying power and practicing flight control and one popular choice is the Hubsan X4 which can be flown indoors or outdoors. It therefore makes a good substitute for practice when the weather prevents outdoor flying.
If you visit the DJI website and check the download section for any of the Phantom models you’ll see a link to the Pilot Training Guide. This pdf document is both an introduction to flying exercises as well as a reminder of what to practice from time to time. You can download a copy for free if you’re curious, before deciding to buy your first quadcopter.
This guide begins by reminding us that the DJI Phantom is not a toy and that it’s not suitable for anyone under the age of 18 years old. This may seem a little over cautious but it is a valid point when you consider the height, range, and potential speed of a device that weighs over a kilo. It may be unmanned but it’s still an aircraft and it has the potential to fly into airspace where it could conflict with other aircraft.
In the next sentence the guide reminds us to read three documents; the Quick Start Guide, the User Manual, and the Disclaimer. It also suggests that the reader watches the video tutorials. Hard copies of some of these are included in each new Phantom box but it’s recommended that you visit the download page to retrieve the latest copy containing important updates. There is a lot of information in these three documents and in the videos combined so the learning curve may appear steep to begin with but time spent on these steps will pay dividends later in time saved, and may save you from costly (and embarrassing) mistakes.
There then follows some reminders of essential pre flights checks and guidelines before the document describes various flying exercises. I suspect that many Phantom owners will use this document one, try the exercises a few times, and never refer to it again, but the maneuvers it describes are the kind of flying exercises which, when mastered, will hone your flying skills. If you find yourself flying near obstacles, going under or through an object, or flying indoors then keeping these skills current will help a great deal. If you’ve had a break from flying for a couple of weeks working through these exercises is a good way to freshen up and get the rust of those skills.
There are two options for anyone considering using a UAV (DJI Phantom or any other type) for commercial purposes in the UK. There is the BNUC-s run by EuroUSC and the RPQ-s run by the Resource Group. Both licences are recognised by the CAA and are the means by which an individual can obtain the PFAW (Permission For Aerial Work). Both involve studying some ground school subjects and undertaking flight tests in order to meet the required standard. The ground school subjects include basic studies that will be familiar to conventional aircraft pilots, but which are tailored for UAV flying e.g. Principles of Flight, Meteorology, Navigation etc.
There is a lot of interest in UAV and it’s growing, so demand for these courses is high. If you intend to follow this route you will need to book and schedule for them months in advance and be prepared to wait a further one or two months for the CAA to process your application even after you’ve passed the theory and practical exams.
There are two aspects of UAV insurance to consider:
If you fly commercially then you’ll need both types of insurance but they’ll be tailored to suit your choice of UAV and operating areas and environments – with premiums to match!
Part of learning how to fly a DJI Phantom or any other type of UAV is knowing what your legal limits are, as well as the technical limits and those of your own skills. On the rare occasion that flyers get into difficulty it’s because they cross one of these boundaries.
CAA Publicaton CAP 722, section 6.7:
The aircraft (UAV) shall not be flown
• in controlled airspace, except with the permission of the appropriate ATC unit;
• in any aerodrome traffic zone except with the permission of either the appropriate ATC unit or the person in charge of the aerodrome;
• at a height exceeding 400 feet above the surface;
• at a distance beyond the visual range of the Remote Pilot/RPA observer of the said aircraft, or a maximum range of 500 metres, whichever is less;
• over or within 150 metres of any congested area of a city, town or settlement; or
• within 50 metres of any person, vessel, vehicle or structure not under the control of the Remote Pilot; during take-off or landing, however, the aircraft must not be flown within 30 metres unless that person is under the control of the Remote Pilot.
You also need to pay attention to NOTAMs that may advise you of temporary restrictions to any aerial activity in an area in which you may be planning to conduct flights.